Basic Punjab GK – Punjab GK

Basic Punjab GK – Punjab GK
  • Established – 1 Nov, 1966 Area – 50362 km2 (1.54% of India)- Northwest of republic of India
  • Population – 2,77,04,236 (2.28% of India)
  • Latitude – 29’30”N To 32’32”N Longitude – 73’55”E To 76’50”E
  • Forest Area – 6.12% of Punjab Largest Forest Area – Hoshiarpur 2nd Largest Forest Area – RupNagar 3rd Largest Forest Area – Gurdaspur
  • Population Density – 550 per sq KM Largest Population Density – Ludhiana Smallest
  • Population Density – Muktsar
  • Literacy Rate – 76.7% Largest Literacy Rate – Hoshiarpur (86%) Smallest Literacy Rate – Mansa (62.8%)
  • Sex Ratio – 893 Sex Ratio (for 0-6 age group) – 846 Largest Sex Ratio – Hoshiarpur Smallest
  • Sex Ratio – Bathinda
  • Largest District (According to Population) – Ludhiana Smallest District(According to
  • Population) – Barnala
  • Largest District (According to Area) – Ludhiana Smallest District(According to Area) – Mohali
  • Maximum Daecade Growth of Punjab – Mohali (Another Name – SAS Nagar) Minimum
  • Decade Growth of Punjab – Nawanshahr (Another Name – SBS Nagar)
  • Lok Shaba Seat – 13 Rajya Shaba Seat – 7 Vidhan Shaba Seat – 117
  • First Speaker of Vidhan Shaba – Kapoor Singh First CM of Punjab – Gopi Chand Bhargav
  • First Governor of Punjab – Chandulal Madhavlal Trivedi
  • First Speaker of Vidhan Shaba (New Punjab*) – Harbans Singh First CM of (New Punjab*)
  • Giani Gurmukh Singh First Governor of (New Punjab*) – Dharmvira Note (New Punjab*)

Punjab After 1966

  • Shortest Time period of Governor of Punjab – Hokeshe Seema During Operation of Blue
  • Star Governor of Punjab – Bhairab Dutt Pande
  • State Bird Of Punjab – Gushak (Baaz) State Animal Of Punjab – Black Buck (Kala Hiran)
  • State Tree Of Punjab – Shesham (Tahli)
  • Total Wetland Of Punjab 3 Harike Wetland (Tarantaran), Ropar Wetland, Kanjali (Near
  • Kapurthala)
  • Zoological Park in Punjab 5 1. Mahindra Choudhary Zoological Park – District Mohali (Also
  • Known as Chattbir Zoo) 2. Tigar Safari – Ludhiana 3. Deer Park Bir Moti Bagh – Patiala 4.
  • Deear Park – Neelon(Ludhiana) 5. Deer Park Bir Talab – Bathinda
  • Botanical Garden of Punjab 5 1. Baradari Garden – Patiala 2. Aam Khas Bagh – Sirhind
  • (Fatehgarh Sahib) 3. Kaima Botanic Garden – Kapurthala 4. Shalimar Botanic Garden –
  • Kapurthala 5. Ram Bagh Botanic Garden – Amritsar


Fair and Festival of Punjab
1. Maghi Mela – Muktsar
2. Fair of Light – Jagraon, Ludhiana
3. Jarag Mela – Pail Village, Ludhiana
4. Kisan Mela – PAU, Ludhiana
5. Rural Olympic – Kila Raipur, Ludhiana
6. Chhapar Mela – Jalandhar
7. Mela Gadri Babian Da – Desh Bhagat Yadgaar Hall, Jalandhar
8. Baba Sodal Mela – Jalandhar Harballabh
9. Classical Music Fest – Devi Talab Temple, Jalandhar
10. Hola Mohalla – Shri Anandpur Sahib
11. Urs of Sheikh Ahmed, Rauza Sarif – Sirhind
12. Shaheedi Jor Mela – Sirhind
13. Shaikh Farid Fair – Faridkot
14. Vaisakhi Fair – Talwandi Sabo, Amritsar
Municipal Corporation of Punjab 10
1. Ludhiana
2. Patiala
3. Amritsar
4. Jalandhar
5. Bhathinda
6. Mohali
7. Pathankot
8. Moga
9. Phagwara
10. Hoshiarpur
Administrative Divisions of Punjab 5
1. Faridkot
2. Ferozepur
3. Jalandhar
4. Patiala
5. Ropar
Punjab is divided into three regions namely Malwa, Majha and Doaba Majha
1. Majha Region (Between Ravi and Beas River)
2. Doaba Region (Between Beas and Sutlej River)
3. Malwa Region – Southern Part of Punjab (Below Sutlej Rever)
4. Majha Area – 4 District (Pathankot, Gurdaspur, Amritsar, Tarantaran)
5. Doaba Area – 4 District (Hoshiarpur, Kapurthala, Jalandhar, Nawanshahr)
6. Malwa Area -14 District ( Remaining District of Punjab )
Ravi River Cross 3 District of Punjab
1. Pathankot 2. Gurdaspur 3. Amritsar 4. Beas
River Cross 6 District of Punjab
1. Pathankot 2. Gurdaspur 3. Amritsar 4. Hoshiarpur 5. Kapurthala 6. Tarantaran
Sutlej River Cross 9 District of Punjab
1. Hari ke Patan – Confluence of Beas and Sutlej
2. Bakhra Dam – On Sutlej River (Disst Bilaspur, HP)
3. Nangal Dam – On Sutlej River (Ropar)
4. Pong Dam – On Beas River (Lake- Maharana Partap, HP)
Important National Highway:
1. NH 95 – Kharar To Ferozpur (Via Morinda, Ludhiana, Moga)
2. NH 64 – Chandigarh To Dabwali (Via Patiala, Sangrur, Barnala, Bathinda)
3. NH 15 – Pathankot To Samakhiali(Gujrat)(Via Ganganagar)
4. NH 1 – Delhi To Amritsar
5. NH 1A – Jalandhar To Srinagar
6. NH 70 – Jalandhar To Mandi (Via Hoshiarpur)
7. NH 10 – Fazilka To Delhi
Important Museums in Punjab
1. Maharaja Ranjit Singh Museum – Amritsar.
2. Anglo Sikh War Memorial – Ferozepur
3. Sanghol Museum – Fatehgarh Sahib
4. Rural Museum – Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana
5. Govt. Museum – Hoshiarpur
6. Guru Teg Bahadur Museum – Anandpur Sahib
7. Museum of Armory & Chandeliers, Qila Mubarak – Patiala
8. Sports Museum – National Institute of Sports Patiala
9. Art Gallery – Shish Mahal, Patiala
Important Forts in Punjab
1. Gobindgarh Fort- Amritsar
2. Bathinda Fort – Bathinda
3. Qila Mubark – Faridkot Fort
4. Qila Mubark – Patiala
5. Anandpur Sahib Fort – Rupnagar
6. Phillaur Fort – Ludhiana
7. Shahpur Kandi Fort – Pathankot.
Archaeological Sites in Punjab
Evidence of Harappan Culture – Ropar
Dholbaha – Hoshiarpur
Sanghol – Fatehgarh Sahib
Father of Punjabi Literature
Khwaja Fariduddin Masud Ganjshakar (Also Known as Baba Farid)
Punjabi Qisse
Heer Ranjha – Waris Shah
Sohani Mahiwal – Fazal Shah
Mirza Sahiba – Hafiz Barkhurdar
Sashi Punnu – Shah Hussian
Pooran Bhagat – Qadarya
Panj Takht
Akal Takht Sahib – Amritsar (Oldest Takht)
Takht Sri Damdama Sahib – Talwandi (Guru ki kashi)
Takht Sri Keshgarh Sahib – Anandpur Sahib
Takht Sri Hazur Sahib – Nanded (Maharastra)
Takht Sri Patna Sahib – Patna (Bihar)
Note – Takht Sri Hazur Sahib and Takht Sri Patna Sahib Construct by Maharaja Ranjit Singh

History of Punjab Punjab GK-II

List of important points of History of Punjab Punjab GK-II.
The 10 Gurus Sikh History
Guru Nanak Dev Ji 1469-1539
· Father / Mother Name Mehta Kalu / Mata Tripta
  • · Birth Place Talwandi Rai Boi(Pakistan) also known as Nankana Sahib
  • · City Founder Kartarpur
  • · Sons Baba Sri Chand and Baba Lakhmi Chand
  • · Compilation Jap JI Sahi, Sidh Gosh, Sodar, Asa di war, Patti Barahmaha, Arti Onkar, Malar
  • & Madge
  • · Jyoti Jot Place Kartarpur
  • · Wife Sulakhani Ji

Guru Angad Dev Ji 1504-1539-1552
  • · Place of Birth Mate ki Saranh
  • · Orignal Name- Bhai Lehna
  • · Father / Mother Name Pheru Mal Ji / Daya Kaur Ji
  • · City Founded Khadur Sahib
  • · Children Dassu Ji, Dattu Ji, Bibi Amro Ji and Alakhni Ji
  • · Wife Khivi Ji
  • · Compilation Janam Sakhi (Biography of Guru Nanak Dev Ji)
  • · Establish Mal Akhara For Physical and Spritual Excercise
  • · Introduce Gurmukhi Script

Guru Amardas Ji 1479-1552-1574
  • · Place of Birth Basarke
  • · City Founded Govindwal Sahib
  • · Introduced the Anand Karaj marriage ceremony for the Sikhs Start Manjhi System and Made a
  • ‘Boali’ in Govindwal

Guru Ram Das Ji 1534-1574-1581
  • · Place of Birth Chuna Mandi (Pakistan)
  • · Wife Bhani Ji (Daughter of Guru Amardas Ji)
  • · Founded City Amritsar (Also known as Chak Ramdas, Guru Ka Chak, Ramdapura)
  • · Compilation Lavan
  • · Note Mian Mir to laid the foundation stone of the Harmandir Sahib

Guru Arjun Dev Ji 1563-1581-1606
  • · Father / Mother Name Guru Ram Das/Bhani Ji
  • · Children Hargobind Sahi Ji
  • · Compilation Sukhmani Sahib, Adhi Granth, Barahmaha, Bavan Akhri
  • · Introduce ‘Masand System’(Representative of guru ji at different places)
  • · City Founded Tarantaran, Kartarpur(India)
  • · Started Dasvandh (Langar Conribution/ 1/10 part of income)
  • · Guru ji became the first great martyr in Sikh history when Emperor Jahangir ordered his
  • execution.

Guru Hargobind ji 1595-1606-1644
  • · City Founded Kritpur Sahib (Ropar)
  • · Introduce concept of ‘Miri’ And ‘Piri’ Miri – Temporal Power / Piri Spiritual Power
  • · Constructed Akhal Takht and Lohagarh Fort at Amritsar
  • · First saint soldierin sikh history

GuruHar Rai Ji 1630-1644-1661(Grandson of Guru Hargobind)
  • · Founded Ayurvadic medicine center (Kirtpur Sahib)
  • · Guru Ji gave treatment to Dara Saikhon


Guru Har krishan Ji 1656-1661-1664
  • · Youngest Guru (age of five)

Guru Teg Bahadur 1621-1665-1675
  • · Father / Mother Name Guru Hargobind ji/ Nanki Ji
  • · Wife Gujri
  • · Children Guru Gobind Singh Ji
  • · Place of Birth Amritsar
  • · City Founded Anandpur Sahib
  • · *Guru Ji was executed on the order of Aurangzeb at chandni chowk Dehli, Now Gurudwara
  • Sheesh Ganj at this place
  • · *Guru Ji Body was taken be Lakhi Vanjara and cremated at place. Now become Gurudwara
  • Rakab Ganj
  • · *Guru Ji Sheesh was taken away by Bhai Jaita, Who brought back Guru Ji head Anandppur
  • Sahib

Guru Gobind Singh Ji 1666-1675-1708
  • · Place of Birth Patna
  • · City Founded Patna Sahib
  • · Jyoti Jot Place 1708, Nanden
  • · Compilation Jap Sahib, Akal Ustat, Chopai, War Shri Bhagoti, Vachitar Natak, Charitra,
  • Chobis Avtar and Chadi di war (In punjabi)
  • · Some Fact about Guru Gabind Singh Ji Built Anandgarh Fort at Anandpur Wrote

“Zafarnamah” letter to Aurangzeb Establish Khalasa Panth in 1699 at Anandpur Sahib.
Panj Piyare
Original Name
From
Profession
Shaheedi Place
Daya Ram
Lahore
Shopkeeper
Nanded
Dharma Das
Hastinapur (Delhi)
Farmer
Nanded
Muhkam Chand
Dwardka (Gujrat)
Tailor
Chamkaur
Sahib Chand
Bidar (Karnatka)
Barber
Chamkaur
Himmat Rai
Jagannath Puri (Orrissa)
Water Carrier
Chamkaur
Five K Kachera, Kara, Kirpan, Kanga and Kesh
Battles of Guru Gobind Singh Ji
Battle of Bhangani (1688)
Guru Ji Vs Raja Bhim Chand and other Hill Chief
Victory Guru Ji
Result Bhim Chand and other Rajput become friends of Guru Ji
Battle of Nadaun (1690)
Guru Ji + Bhimchand + other Hill Chief Vs Alif Khan
Result Alif Khan was defeated
1st Battle of Anandpur (1701)
Guru Ji Vs Raja Bhimchand and other Hill Chief
Victory Guru Ji
Battle of Nirmohu (1702)
Guru Ji Vs Raja Bhimchand + Mughal Force
Victory Guru JI
Battle of Basoli (1702)
Guru Ji Vs Raja Bhimchand
Victory Guru Ji
Result Sikh attacked territory of Raja and captured kalmot
2nd Battle Anandpur
Guru Ji Vs Hill Chief + Mughal Force under Wazir Khann
Result Guru and His Sikhs had to leave fort and Zorawar & Fateh Singh were bricked alive
Battle of Chamkor
Guru Ji Vs Mughal Force
Result 35 Sikhs including two sons Ajit & Jhujar Singh died fighting heroically
Battle of khidrana
Guru Ji vs Mughal Force
Result Sikhs defeated the Mughals but 40 of them (Chali Mukte) dies fighting
Baba Banda Singh Bahadur
Original Name Lachman Dev (From – Razori Jammu)
Popular Name Madho Singh
Another Name- Banda Bairagi
Guru Gobind Singh Gave Name Banda Singh Bahadur
Battle of Chhapar Chiri Banda Bahadur Singh Ji Vs Wazir Khan
  • Defeated Wazir Khan Execution By Farrukh Siyar
  • *Banda Singh developed the village of Mukhlisgarh, and made it his capital, then renamed the city it
  • to Lohgarh

Maharaja Ranjit Singh
Place of Birth Gajranwala Town(Pakistan)
Son of Maha Singh / Mai Raj kaur(D/o Raja Gajapati-Jind )
Mother-in-law Sada Kaur (Encourage Ranjit Singh)
1st King of Sikh Empire Title of Maharaja 12 April 1801
Treaty of Amritsar 1809 Treaty Sign B/w Metcalfe & Ranjit Singh
  • Maharaja Ranjit Singh defeated Zaman Shah Durrani in the Battle of Amritsar (1797), Battle of Gujrat (1797) and Battle of Amritsar (1798)

List of Misls 12
Name of Misl             Related To
Ahluwalia                    Jassa Singh Ahluwalia
Bhangi                         Chajja Singh / Hari Singh
Dhallewalia                 Gulab Singh
Sukerchakia                 Chatar Singh
Shaheed                      Baba Deep Singh
Ramghariha                 Nand Singh/ Jassa Singh Ramghariha
Nishanwalia                Dasundha Singh
Phoolkia                      Chaudhari Paul
Faizalapuria                 Nawab Kapur Singh
Kanhaya                      Jai Singh Kanhaya
Karora                         Karora Singh
Nakkai                         Hira Singh
Ancient Names of the River
Satluj Satlutri
Beas Vipash
Ravi Parushtani
Chenab Asikni
Jhelum Vitasta
Indus Sindhu Saraswati Sarusti
Social Reform Movements in Punjab
Nirankari movement:-
Originated Rawalpandi
Founded by Baba Dyal Singh.
Successor Darbar Singh
Namdhari Movement:-
Another Name Kuka Movement
Founded by Balak Singh
Successor Ram Singh
Radhasoami movement:
Started from Agra
Founded by Shiv Dayal Singh (also called “Soami ji Maharaj”)
Singh Sabha Movement:
(Against Christans Missionaries )
The first modern movement.
Struggle for Freedom
Kamagata Maru: (1914)
Head By Gurdit Singh (Sikh businessman of Singapore)
Komagata was ship name to carry 376 Indians, all Punjabis to Canada. The Ship embarked from
Hong Kong before arriving in Canada.
Ghadar movement:
Ghadar is name of weekly news papaer (Pulish In Hindi, Punjabi, Marathi, Urdu)
Chief Editor Lala Hardiyal
Leader of Ghardar Movement Sohan Singh Bhakna, Lala Hardiyal, Kartar Singh Shraba
Start in San Francisco (America)
Jallianwala Bagh Massacre:- 13 April, 191
Involved the killing of hundreds of unarmed Shooting was ordered by General O Dyer
  • Shaheed Udham Singh: Shaheed Udham Singh is known for his assassination of Sir Michael
  • O’Dwyer in March 1940 what has been described as a revenge of the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre.
  • Ravinder Nath Tagor return Knighthood Title
  • Jalliwala Bagh Made by Ranjit Singh

Shiromani Gurdwara Prabhandak Committee
The inaugural meeting of the SGPC Akal Takht Amritsar on 12 December 1920.
It appointed a subcommittee to draft the Committee`s constitution.
  • President Sardar Sundar Singh Majithia
  • Vice-President Harbans Singh
  • Secretary Sundar Singh Ramgarhia

New elections under the constitution were held in July 1921
  • Elected President Baba Kharak Singh
  • Elected Vice-President Captain Ram Singh
  • Elected Secretary Sardar Bahadur. Mehtab Singh In 1922
  • Sikh Gurdwaras and Shrines Act, 1922 Sikh Gurdwaras Act, 1925 passed by the provincial legislative assembly on 9 July 1925 and implemented with effect from 1 November 1925.

Movement Related with SGPC
  • Guru Ka Bagh Morcha (Ghukkevali village, District Amritsar)
  • Jaito Morcha
  • Shaheed Bhagat Singh ‘Khatkar Kalan’ in present SBS Nagar (Nawanshehr)
  • Shaheed Sukhdev
  • Shaheed Rajguru in Maharastra .

Punjab After 1947 Patiala and East Punjab States Union (PEPSU) was a state of India
between 1948 and 1956 .
  • · PEPSU was union of eight princely states: Patiala, Jind, Nabha, Kapurthala,
  • Faridkot, Kalsia, Malerkotla and Nalagarh
  • · PEPSU made in 15 july 1948
  • · Raj Parmukh of PEPSU Maharaja Yadvinder Singh
  • · First CM of PEPSU Gian Singh Rarewala
  • · PEPSU Capital Patiala
  • · PEPSU Vdhan Shaba Memeber 60
  • · Note In 1 Nov 1956 PEPSU Merge in Punjab and New state created Himachal
  • Pardesh

Formation of Present Punjab Master Dara Singh Pointed Demand of Present Punjab
Punjab Boundary Commission 1966 (Reorganization of Punjab): An Act to provide for
the reorganisation of the existing State of Punjab and for matters connected therewith
Head of Commission Fazal Ali.

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